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Diversity of Nature

Human interaction in natural habitats tends to disturb the balance and selects specific parts of flora and fauna. Other parts vanish. In diversity approaches it is important to restore a broad bandwidth of habitats.

One of the key ingredients to diverse natural habitats is water. It is therefore of vital importance to evaluate and plan the distribution of water in the beginning of the project with care.

By letting nature take over islands of wildness between fields biodiversity can be fostered. All levels of heights are present, from grass to bush and all kinds of trees. These areas are unregulated, so flora and fauna are undisturbed as far as possible. Of significant importance is the presence of dead wood.

Rotten wood is an important habitat. Recommendations are to leave dead trees as long as there is no danger. Also fallen wood is best left in the forest. Small piles of branches with a „fence“ of thorn bushes are a perfect habitat for small animals. If the surroundings are dry snakes and lizards take the opportunity, if its wet its preferred by amphibians.

Also piles of small and bigger rocks create divers caves and shadows for hot summer days. Not only in sunny places, but also in humid and dark forests piles of rock are good habitats.

This scenery shows dead branches and rocks next to open spaces that are preferred by hunting birds like owls.

Water is a source of life. By creating flows and pools, streams and stagnant ares with mud, stone, gravel or even swamp areas all kinds of animals and plants will take over. Again, diversity is key. Water distribution requires detailed plannings of temperatures, mineral content, oxygen content and mass flow.